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What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disease where the endometrium, the lining of the uterus, gets outside of the uterus and can implant on things within the abdominal and pelvic cavity.

Endometriosis can be painful. The endometrium will build up and shed off. If that tissue is in the abdominal and pelvic cavity, that tissue responds to hormones and can cause inflammation, scarring, and pain in relation to the organs it is attached to. That pain can present in different ways.

Endometriosis Treatment Options

Often times, women may have very painful periods or very painful mid-cycle pain. Those are things that should trigger a conversation with a primary care provider that can begin an evaluation for endometriosis, which can lead to a referral to an obstetrician/gynecologist. An exam and ultrasound will then be performed.

Hormone therapy, pain relievers or changes in diet and exercise may take care of the problem for some women. There are also several surgical options. The best treatment option depends on the stage of the endometriosis, the site of the pain and whether the woman hopes to become pregnant.

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